"NASA workers at the agency's Jet Propulsion
Laboratory, wearing clean room 'bunny suits,' prepare the Low-Density
Supersonic Decelerator (LDSD) test article for shipment later this month
to Hawaii. LDSD will help land bigger space payloads on Mars or return
them back to Earth." Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltec .... click photo for a larger image
"NASA's LDSD test is designed to investigate breakthrough technologies
that will benefit landing future human and robotic Mars missions, as
well as aid in safely returning large payloads to Earth. The NASA LDSD
test over the Pacific Ocean will simulate the entry, descent and landing
speeds a spacecraft would be exposed to when flying through the Martian
atmosphere. During the test, a large saucer-shaped disk carrying an
inflatable inner-tube-shaped decelerator and parachute system will be
carried to an altitude of 120,000 feet (37 kilometers) by a giant
balloon. After release from the balloon, rockets will lift the disk to
180,000 feet (55 kilometers) while reaching supersonic speeds. Traveling
at 3.5 times the speed of sound, the saucer's decelerator will inflate,
slowing the vehicle, and then a parachute will deploy to carry it to
the ocean's surface."
"A mission overview briefing about [the] upcoming flight test of the
Low-Density Supersonic Decelerator (LDSD) experiment will be provided to
reporters attending a media day on Monday, June 2, at the U.S. Navy's
Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF) on Kauai, Hawaii. The public can
watch the briefing via live streaming, at 11 a.m. PDT (2 p.m. EDT/8 a.m.
three or four years before 2012, apocalyptic dogma emerged from
various religious groups and began to infiltrate the mainstream, with
a lot of help from Internet sites like YouTube and Facebook. … Do
you remember? ... A lot of people were worried about a certain date
in December 2012 when doom was supposed to happen. After a year or
two it became "apocalyptic alarmism" on a grand scale! It
even spawned a Hollywood blockbuster!
The spike in 2009 would be because the movie '2012' was released in the United States on November 13, 2009, and in the rest of the world shortly after that date.
By the way, perhaps the most widespread myth during those times was that the
ancient Mayan race predicted the end-of-the-world on December 21,
2012. Anthropologists said that the Mayan culture does
not include end-of-world beliefs. It just happened to be the date
when the ancient Long Count calendar was due to end one cycle and
start another. It was the gringos ('white' people) that latched onto
the date and invented various world-wide disasters that had zero
evidence to back them up. Most of them were not in the least bit plausible.
(Interesting videos on this page :- Mayans Never Predicted an Apocalypse)
follows is *part of a blog post I wrote during that year. .. I hoped
that the worried people would not be obsessed by one or more natural
events that they thought would be “signs” of an apocalypse that
would surely happen in December. (The post was also on the
'www.2012hoax.org' site. … That site now redirects to
- - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - -
[and history] tell us that on *any day during the year there is a
good chance that somewhere on Earth there will be *one or more* of
these events :-
bloom or major pollution,
avalanche or land slide,
of varying numbers of animals,
earthquakes of varying magnitude,
~ flood or
storm surge or whirlpool,
or very hot temperatures,
hurricane or cyclone or typhoon,
storm with snow or hail,
storm or dust storm,
hole or mine collapse,
or water spout,
or tidal wave,
predict or forecast most of those things, but we do know there is a
good chance that *one or more* might happen somewhere on Earth on any
given day. So we shouldn't be surprised if one or more of those
things happen on any particular day(s) in December. It will just be
the Earth doing its thing. It will always do its own thing no matter
what its human inhabitants think. Also, we have no reason to expect
that any particular day in December will have *zero natural
disasters. If a natural disaster does happen it will be a "sign"
of absolutely nothing, other than the Earth continuing as normal.
- - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - -
alarmism about various natural events is an old problem. ... Alarmism
can also involve events that *might originate from outside of the
Earth's atmosphere. Astronomer David Morrison, senior scientist with
the NASA Lunar Science Institute, coined the term 'cosmophobia' after
answering questions at the NASA "Ask an Astrobiologist"
page. He defined it as "An unreasoning fear of the cosmos". Further information is at the 'www.cosmophobia.org' site; and at the NASA JPL site about asteroids and comets. "No one should be overly concerned about an Earth impact of an asteroid or comet. The threat to any one person from auto accidents, disease, other natural disasters and a variety
of other problems is much higher than the threat from Near Earth Objects." Also, see my last post: What If Saturn "Explodes or Something".
[ This post has been saved here: http://archive.is/HkJJ0 ]
This was a question on the 'Yahoo! Answers' website recently :- "If something happens to Saturn like it explodes or something, will it affect Earth?" Link to Yahoo! page
It reminded me of the type of question we used to get on the '2012hoax.org' forum leading up to the infamous date in December 2012 when doom was supposed to happen. Many of the questions were asked by young people who had been reading websites and Facebook pages, and watching videos, made by the trolls and doom merchants. Those people still occasionally make idiotic claims that have zero evidence to back them up, and are not in the least bit plausible, and are not based in any sort of scientific fact.
There are many young people in the world who tend to believe those silly claims without stopping to think if there is any proof or evidence, or checking to see if there is a track record of similar false claims made by those writers, speakers, and video makers.
In September 2012, I wrote this paragraph in case it helped with the problem :-
"Would you believe me if I made a wild claim that a huge, very deep hole
five miles across is going to appear in the South Island of New Zealand
on May 30 next year? Would it make any difference to you if I said that
the May 30 date is when the ancient
Martian calendar ends one cycle and starts another? …. Since I haven't
said how or why that is possible I hope you won't just assume that I am
correct. Most people need some proof, or evidence, that backs up these
wild claims. Otherwise, I could say something like: "I've found a new
species of apple tree that has the apples falling upwards!" and everybody
would believe me without question."
I also wrote this at the end of a blog post called: Just Another Day in December :-
"Because we know all of these things, we have no reason to believe
what any trolls or doom-merchants try to suggest. We can definitely
reject their crazy claims with science, statistics, and common sense. In
fact, we know there is absolutely zero scientific evidence to backup
any of their idiotic, worthless claims. So it isn't surprising that in
four or more years they haven't changed that fact. The take-home-lesson
is: 'Just saying it doesn't make it true', especially if the doomsayer
is likely to make a profit out of the doom saying.
Pick *any day in December. It will be Just Another Day."
In case you were wondering, this was my response on the 'Yahoo! Answers' website :-
(Note that the phrase 'extremely unlikely' really means 'it isn't going to happen'. Planets don't just explode without any external influences like collisions with other planets. At least not in our very stable solar system that is several *billions of years old, in a safe area of the Galaxy.)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Let's say that something does happen to Saturn. Maybe it does 'explode
or something' (though we realize that is extremely unlikely). First we
would need to say just how far away from the Earth it is.
For convenience, the distance from the Sun to the Earth is called: one
Astronomical Unit (AU). Saturn is a further 9 AU away, or a total of
about 10 AU from the Sun. If you consider that the Earth is at 93
million miles or 150 million kilometers from the Sun, Saturn is an
*enormous distance away! Between the Earth and Saturn there is lots of
space for Mars, the asteroid belt, and the biggest planet Jupiter.
So what is Saturn made of? Saturn is called a gas giant, but it is not
entirely gaseous. It is thought that the interior of Saturn is similar
to that of Jupiter, having a small rocky core surrounded by hydrogen and
helium. If we pretend that it has disintegrated there would be *lots of
gas and a small amount of rock (and some dirty ice from the rings). The total mass would be the same as an
intact planet, so it is logical to assume that most of the disintegrated
materials would continue to orbit the Sun in roughly the same orbit as
the intact planet. If the disintegration was violent enough some of the
rock might be ejected away from the other material. However, that
wouldn't concern us because of the enormous distance from Earth, the
small amount of rock, the dispersal being a possible 360 degrees in
every direction, and the presence of Jupiter between us and Saturn.
It is fortunate for us that there is a planet in the Solar System the
size of Jupiter. (It is 318 times bigger than Earth!) There is evidence
that Jupiter has enough gravity to attract many of the space rocks and
comets that get close to it. It has been called the Solar System's
So we don't need to worry that the Earth might be affected in any way by anything that might happen to Saturn.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Update:
I just found this article, dated July 19, 2012, in the 'Weekly World News' :- Saturn Ready To Explode Weekly World News is a humorous publication that uses parody and spoof articles, as you can see in this short list :-
~ Putin Will Run For President of U.S. in 2016!
~ President Obama Gets a Tattoo (a picture of his own face!)
~ Watching Super Bowl Causes Impotence
~ 'Toy Story 4' Will Be Rated R
There is also an older article in 'The Spoof', dated March 19, 2010 :- Saturn Will Explode Tomorrow
It is obvious what kind of publication it is. Apart from its name, there is also this sentence: "Always there with the funniest spoof headlines."
People are welcome to use these blog posts for research purposes. However, I certainly don't write them to make things easier for students (and others) who are often tempted to 'copy and paste' original writing, and present it as their own writing. In most cases it needs to be re-written in their words, and I would expect an entry in the references of the document - as is normal practice. If they include quotes (in quotation marks) please ensure that there is a reference to the original author.
Visits by Continents North America -- 58.4% Asia -- 12.7% Europe -- 12.3% unknown -- 10.9% Oceania/Australasia -- 4.1% South America -- 1.0% Africa -- 0.6%
Visits by Countries United States -- 50.1% unknown -- 10.9% Canada -- 8.2% India -- 7.3% United Kingdom -- 7.0% Australia -- 2.7% New Zealand -- 1.4% Singapore -- 0.9% (plus 101 others...)
Statistics and analysis by 'Site Meter'
Flippin, Arkansas, USA
sign in Flippin, Marion County, north Arkansas
Warning! - don't buy these...
... the salesmen are con-men.
By the way, don't believe anybody who says that di-hydrogen monoxide is toxic. 'Di' means two, and 'monoxide' means one oxide. So, H2 and O ... H2O (water).
Global Temperatures Since 1979 :-
Please note the authors of the graph say the trend curve should not be construed as having any predictive value whatsoever.
Graph by Dr Roy Spencer and Dr John Christy, University of Alabama, Huntsville.
Graph picture :- http://www.drroyspencer.com/wp-content/uploads/UAH_LT_1979_thru_Aug_2012.png
Blog page :- http://www.drroyspencer.com/2012/09/uah-global-temperature-update-for-august-2012-0-34-deg-c/
Global Temperatures Since 1979
Graph picture :- http://www.drroyspencer.com/wp-content/uploads/UAH_LT_1979_thru_Oct_2012_v5.5.png
Blog page :- http://www.drroyspencer.com/2012/11/uah-v5-5-global-temp-update-for-october-2012-0-33-deg-c/
Natural Warming During Last 10,000 Years :-
Graph picture :- http://iceagenow.info/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Easterbrook-Natural_global_warming.jpg
Blog page :- http://iceagenow.info/2010/05/temperatures-were-warmer-than-today-for-most-of-the-past-10000-years/
"Created by Cuffy and Clow in 1997, and based on Greenland ice core records, this chart shows global temperatures for the past 15,000 years."
"Temperatures have been warmer than today for almost all of the past 10,000 years."
“ 'Natural global warming much more intense than modern warming has occurred many times in the geologic past without CO2 change,' said Easterbrook."